Ettekanne Assami kultuur - mitmekülgsuses leitud ühtsus (11.09)


Abha Bharali and Haripriya Sarma (Gauhati Ülikool) peavad ettekande teemal "Assami kultuur - mitmekülgsuses leitud ühtsus" loengusarja "Maailma ja rahvad" raames.

Koht: Eesti Rahva Muuseum, Maailmafilmi Saal, A-sissepääs
Aeg: 11. september, kell 18.00
Keel: inglise

Assami kultuur on lahutamatu osa India kultuurist ning on niisamuti rajatud ühtsusele ja harmooniale. Assami kultuur on kui unikaalne segu religioonist, ühiskonnast, keelest ja kirjandusest, tantsust ja lauludest, muusikalistest instrumentidest, kommetest ja rituaalidest ning 23 Kirde-India piirkonnas elavate hõimude ja kogukondade uskumustest.

Assami kultuuri ajalugu võib vaada nelja peatükina: eel-ajalooline, muinasaegne, keskaegne ja kaasaegne.

Loengu kirjeldus inglise keeles:

Abha Bharali and Haripriya Sarma (Gauhati University) will give the first lecture of this season, titled "Introducing Assam: India's Showcase of Unity in Diversity"

Assamese culture is an indivisible part of the greater Indian culture. Just like the Indian culture, the Assamese culture is one which has established itself through the virtues of unity and harmony. The unique life-stream created out of a blend of the religion, society, language and literature, dance forms and songs, musical instruments, customs and rituals, and folk-beliefs of the various tribes and communities residing in the Northeastern region of India represents Assamese culture. The Assamese community has been formed as a result of the convergence of the Mongoloid, the Australoid, the Aryan and the Dravidian groups of people. The Assamese culture is a compound-culture developed out of the sweet union of the Aryans and non-Aryans. Assamese culture is the momentum of the local life of the Assamese community. Chaolung Sukaphaa has been credited in the 13th century with the establishment of the state of Assam in the Brahmaputra Valley; and the culture of Assam thus obtained the name ‘Assamese culture’. The seeds of the assimilated form of Assamese culture that emerged in the Ahom Era, had been sown thousands of years earlier.

In the integration within the Assamese culture, the influence of the union of various tribes and communities is quite evident. The fact that a large number of the residents of Assam are cultivators justifies that the Assamese culture is enriched by the distinctive features of folklore. Again, the impact of indigenous cultures on Assamese culture is apparent. Festivals and rituals, songs and music, sculpture and folk-art have their own particular significance in Assamese culture. The bihu (spring festival in Assam) culture glorifies Assamese culture. The Sankari tradition had set the Assamese culture into motion. The history of Assamese culture may be discussed under four heads: pre-historic, ancient, medieval and modern.  In our research paper the origin, nature and significance of the Assamese culture will be studied with the help of analytical methods.